PDF | Numerous explanations, classifications, theories and definitions about leadership, exist in the contemporary literature. Substantial effort. to create a broader understanding of the different perspectives on leadership. In the second part of the Chapter, some of the well-known leadership theories will. Apply leadership theories to a simulated clinical setting. □. □. Advanced nurses will be able to: Teach at least three advanced nursing students about four.
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Keywords Education, Leadership, Theories, Styles, Principles, Methods, Management, Policies and enior-Level%20Managers%%deotertuachartpep.ga  Bass. Theoretical perspectives on leadership behavior: 1. General psychology, ex. cognitive theories, information processing theories, motivational theories, affect. Leadership Theories and Models from the Perspective of Western Scholars. Ezad Azraai Jamsari. siti tibek. Wan Mujani. Professor Dr Noor Inayah Yaakub.
There are plenty of people who possess the personality traits associated with leadership, yet many of these people never seek out positions of leadership. There are also people who lack some of the key traits often associated with effective leadership yet still excel at leading groups.
Trait Theories of Leadership 3. Contingency Theories Contingency theories of leadership focus on particular variables related to the environment that might determine which particular style of leadership is best suited for the situation.
According to this theory, no leadership style is best in all situations. Leadership researchers White and Hodgson suggest that truly effective leadership is not just about the qualities of the leader, it is about striking the right balance between behaviors, needs, and context. Good leaders are able to assess the needs of their followers, take stock of the situation, and then adjust their behaviors accordingly. Success depends on a number of variables including the leadership style, qualities of the followers and aspects of the situation.
Situational Theories Situational theories propose that leaders choose the best course of action based upon situational variables. Different styles of leadership may be more appropriate for certain types of decision-making. For example, in a situation where the leader is the most knowledgeable and experienced member of a group, an authoritarian style might be most appropriate.
In other instances where group members are skilled experts, a democratic style would be more effective. Behavioral Theories Behavioral theories of leadership are based upon the belief that great leaders are made, not born.
Trait Theory of Leadership and Its Key Characteristics
Consider it the flip-side of the Great Man theories. Rooted in behaviorism , this leadership theory focuses on the actions of leaders, not on mental qualities or internal states. According to this theory, people can learn to become leaders through teaching and observation.
Participative Theories Participative leadership theories suggest that the ideal leadership style is one that takes the input of others into account. These leaders encourage participation and contributions from group members and help group members feel more relevant and committed to the decision-making process.
In participative theories, however, the leader retains the right to allow the input of others.
How to Use Trait Theory of Leadership:
Management Theories Management theories, also known as transactional theories, focus on the role of supervision, organization and group performance. Ohio State Studies 11—15 Leader-member relations: The degree of confidence, trust, and respect, members have in the leader 2. Task structure: The degree to which the job assignments are procedurized 3. Position Power: The degree of influence a leader has over power variables such as hiring, firing, promotion etc.
Two ways in which to improve leader effectiveness 1 Change the leader to fit the situation 2 Change the situation to fit the leader Intellectual abilities are effective — High Stress: If followers are unable and unwilling to do a task, the leader needs to give specific and clear directions.
If followers are unable and willing, The leader need to display a high task orientation. If the followers are able and unwilling, The leader needs to use a supportive and participative style. If followers are both able and willing, The leader doesnt need to do much. Leader-Member Exchange Theory Path-Goal Theory 11—36 The Path-Goal Theory Path-Goal Theory Thank You!! You just clipped your first slide! Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.
Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. Visibility Others can see my Clipboard. In addition, a leader needs to clearly and effectively convey instructions regarding tasks to his workers.
Leadership is a process whereby a leader influences workers under him to follow in executing tasks willingly to achieve organisational goals. Leadership is closely linked to the rise and fall of an organisation. Each leader must have followers. His success or otherwise in influencing his followers depends on his way of using his intelligence in applying suitable leadership theories and models in different situations.
A leader must be able to influence and motivate his followers. An effective leadership is leadership which may bring changes in an organisation and the behaviour of workers.
It is not easy to be a leader who can really influence his subordinates to be loyal followers. A leader requires mastery of certain skills and behaviour styles to suit circumsatnces.
Thus, a leader needs to always learn how to be a better leader because leadership has to be learnt from knowledge and experience. References Bass, B. Leadership and Performance beyond Expectation. Free Press. Bass, B. M, From Transitional to Transformational Leadership: Learning to Share the Vision. Organizational Dynamics Winter: Blake, R.
Shepard and J. Mouton, Managing Intergroup Conflict in Industry.
Gulf Publishing. Burns, J.
Coffey, R. Cook and P. Hunsaker, Management and Organization Behavior. Bur Ridge. Fiedler, F. A Theory of Leadership Effectiveness. Horner, M.
Leadership Theory: Past, Present and Future. Team Performance Management, 3 4: House, R. Mitchell, Path-Goal Theory of Leadership. Contemporary Business, 3: Lussier, R. Achua, Mat, Chek, Kemahiran Memimpin. Mohd Yusof, Aminudin, Kepimpinan, Motivasi dan Prestasi: Model Guru dan Tentera. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka. Robbins, S. Organization Behavior: Concepts, Controversies and Application. Rosen Bach, W.
Taylor, Contemporary Issue in Leadership. Oxford Westview Press. Tichy, N. Devanna, The Transformational Leader.
Vroom, V. Yetton, Leadership and Decision Making. University of Pittsburgh Press. William, M.
Mastering Leadership: Key Techniques for Managing a Winning Team. Related Papers. By Godbless Akaighe. The Basis of Leadership in Islam. By Ezad Azraai Jamsari.Bass states that a leader who is motivated will show behaviour which will arouse a worker to achieve the best performance in his career development, inspires and guides his worker to achieve a better future, works hard to achieve targets, works optimally, directs potential as a whole and encourages worker to work more than usual.
Burns, J. The Functional Leadership Model is not only suitable for use in business, it may also be applied in school and educational organisations.
An effective leader requires communication skills vis-a-vis workers under him. Contemporary Business, 3: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.
Field Marshall William Slim had introduced the Military Leadership Model because he believed that it could be implemented in the business world. The Transformational Leader. In the transformational leadership concept, workers need to play their role in being willing to make changes when requested and to be confident in the benefit of such changes for them and the organisation as a whole.